History of Teutonic Knights in Poland - Introduction

Teutonic knights' heritage is mixed - both negative and positive. In the eyes of Poles Teutonic knights were seen negatively. Teutonic knights were cruel fighters dressed in white coats with black crosses and they were the symbols of war and destruction. The Teutonic knights basically eradicated old Prussians - the Baltic people under the pretext of converting them to Christianity. The name Prussia was not forgottem since it was accepted as a name of the XIX century Prussian empire.

Malbork Castle - Panorama, looking down from the castle's tower (click inside the photograph to see it magnified).

Teutonic knights brought not only the disaster but also the technological progress. They build the network of 120 castles during 200 years of their rein. The castles are situated one from the other not further than 30 km away - one day of the horse ride, since the strict Teutonic rule did not allow Teutonic travelers to spent the night outside of the castle. The tight network of castles also simplified the communication between the knights in different castles. The knights could send light signals between the castles in the case of danger. Building so many castles is quite an achievement of these medieval times, more than one new castle during 2 years. It is also the reflection of the order power and engineering art. Their biggest castle - Malbork (Marienburg, the castle devoted to St.Mary) is the biggest brick castle in the world!

Around Malbork - beautiful lowland and the lake area of Eastern Prussia (click inside the photograph to see it magnified).

Photographs done by Jim Presenkowski

We will talk about Malbork in much more detail and we will present its photograph in the following articles. Read the second part about Teutonic Order - its History and Malbork (Marienburg) - the biggest brick castle in the world - by Jim .

Check Prussian Homage by Matejko - jigsaw puzzle and Polish Legends - Lady of Dzialdowo - Teutonic Castle . Check also all articles devoted to Travel to Poland, check also links to external sites devoted to travel and hotel sites.

I recommend Eyewitness Travel Guide to Poland (Eyewitness Travel Guides) by Teresa Czerniewics-Umer, Malgorzata Omilanowska, Jerzy S. Majewski, DK Travel Writers

This comprehensive book about Poland, showed below, may also be useful for you:
The Rough Guide to Poland by Mark Salter, Jonathan Bousfield

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