Zamosc during the World War II & Roztocze National Park
Read earlier articles about Zamosc
- The Pearl of Renaissance - Town and History and Zamosc
- Its Market Square, Town Hall Tower, Arcades & Armenian Tenant Houses.
People of Zamosc and Zamosc region, independing on their ethnic identity
were persecuted during the World War II to more extend than in the other
parts of Poland. Zamosc became not only the place of executions (mainly
in its Rotunda), and a transit point for Jewish people sent to the death
camp Belzec, as well as the transit point for Poles expelled from Wielkopolska
(Great Poland, Poznan region). Zamosc became a capital of the displaced
person's district. One-third of Zamosc (renamed during the war Himmlerstadt)
inhabitants were displaced first as a repression for strong partisan/resistance
movement. The Nazi Germany faced problems of German inhabitants being
forcibly resettled from parts of Romania annexed by Soviet Union the
area of Zamosc was chosen as a planned settlement for Transilvanian
Germans. Although, the plan did not finalize and the big numbers
of Germans did not come to live there, the expulsion of Poles and other
nationalities proceeded as planned...
The deportations took place from the end of 1942 to 1943. Altogether
110,000 people including 30,000 children from Zamosc, Bilgoraj, Tomaszow
and Hrubieszow districts were deported. In summer 1943 about 4,5
thousands children from 2 to 11 years old were sent for germanization
in Reich. The remaining children were transported with or without their
parents to the concentration camps, some of them were gased, others
were taken to special villages in Siedlce and Sokolow districts designed
for elderly and children. The fate of many children from region of Zamosc
never became known. The special brass band was established in the transition
camp where children were separated from their parents - so that he music
would silence out the screams of the children. [Ref.1].
Read the selection
of articles about the World War II in Poland.
Ref.1 Ewa Kurek, "Your
Life is Worth Mine" - How Polish Nuns Saved Hundreds of Jewish
Children in German-Occupied Poland, 1939-1945
Roztocze National Park
Roztocze National Park (Roztoczanski Park Narodowy) was created in
1974 on the area of 48 square kilometers, in the upper Wieprz river
valley. Now it covers area which is almost twice as big. The big majority
of the park is covered by the forest. Some of the tree formations
are unique. It contains more than 400 so-called "nature monument trees",
come of them are presented on the photographs below.
Oak monument in Roztocze Goreckie (click inside the photograph to see it magnified).
The reason of building the chapel "on the water" was to omit
the tzar decree which banned building of the Catholic objects "on the
Chapel on the water
on the river Szum
Stations of Christ from Krasnobrod (below)
Stations of the Christ by St. Mary Sanctuary in Krasnobrod
Photographs done by Basia Samulak
Check all articles devoted to Travel
to Poland, check also links to external sites devoted to travel
and hotel sites.
Zamosc on the map of Poland
satellite picture with main roads. For more information check also the Official website of Zamosc.
I recommend Eyewitness Travel Guide to Poland (Eyewitness Travel Guides) by Teresa Czerniewics-Umer, Malgorzata Omilanowska, Jerzy S. Majewski, DK Travel Writers
This comprehensive book about Poland, showed below, may also be useful for you:
The Rough Guide to Poland by Mark Salter, Jonathan Bousfield
The SITE MAP contains all articles classified according to the topic.