Zamosc during the World War II & Roztocze National Park

Read earlier articles about Zamosc - The Pearl of Renaissance - Town and History and Zamosc - Its Market Square, Town Hall Tower, Arcades & Armenian Tenant Houses.

People of Zamosc and Zamosc region, independing on their ethnic identity were persecuted during the World War II to more extend than in the other parts of Poland. Zamosc became not only the place of executions (mainly in its Rotunda), and a transit point for Jewish people sent to the death camp Belzec, as well as the transit point for Poles expelled from Wielkopolska (Great Poland, Poznan region). Zamosc became a capital of the displaced person's district. One-third of Zamosc (renamed during the war Himmlerstadt) inhabitants were displaced first as a repression for strong partisan/resistance movement. The Nazi Germany faced problems of German inhabitants being forcibly resettled from parts of Romania annexed by Soviet Union the area of Zamosc was chosen as a planned settlement for Transilvanian Germans. Although, the plan did not finalize and the big numbers of Germans did not come to live there, the expulsion of Poles and other nationalities proceeded as planned...

The deportations took place from the end of 1942 to 1943. Altogether 110,000 people including 30,000 children from Zamosc, Bilgoraj, Tomaszow and Hrubieszow districts were deported. In summer 1943 about 4,5 thousands children from 2 to 11 years old were sent for germanization in Reich. The remaining children were transported with or without their parents to the concentration camps, some of them were gased, others were taken to special villages in Siedlce and Sokolow districts designed for elderly and children. The fate of many children from region of Zamosc never became known. The special brass band was established in the transition camp where children were separated from their parents - so that he music would silence out the screams of the children. [Ref.1].

Read the selection of articles about the World War II in Poland.

Ref.1 Ewa Kurek, "Your Life is Worth Mine" - How Polish Nuns Saved Hundreds of Jewish Children in German-Occupied Poland, 1939-1945

Roztocze National Park

Roztocze National Park (Roztoczanski Park Narodowy) was created in 1974 on the area of 48 square kilometers, in the upper Wieprz river valley. Now it covers area which is almost twice as big. The big majority of the park is covered by the forest. Some of the tree formations are unique. It contains more than 400 so-called "nature monument trees", come of them are presented on the photographs below.

Oak monument in Roztocze Goreckie (click inside the photograph to see it magnified).

The reason of building the chapel "on the water" was to omit the tzar decree which banned building of the Catholic objects "on the ground".

Chapel on the water on the river Szum

Stations of Christ from Krasnobrod (below)

Stations of the Christ by St. Mary Sanctuary in Krasnobrod

Photographs done by Basia Samulak

Check all articles devoted to Travel to Poland, check also links to external sites devoted to travel and hotel sites.

Check Zamosc on the map of Poland and a satellite picture with main roads. For more information check also the Official website of Zamosc.

I recommend Eyewitness Travel Guide to Poland (Eyewitness Travel Guides) by Teresa Czerniewics-Umer, Malgorzata Omilanowska, Jerzy S. Majewski, DK Travel Writers

This comprehensive book about Poland, showed below, may also be useful for you:
The Rough Guide to Poland by Mark Salter, Jonathan Bousfield

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