Unemployment in Poland - in Figures - Statistics

Present Unemployment in Poland in Figures - Official Data from Polish Statistical Office

1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
2002*
Total
1126.1
2155.6
2509.3
2889.6
2838
2628.8
2359.5
3113
Men
552.4
1021.5
1170.5
1382.3
1343
1180.2
983.9
1486
Women
573.7
1134.1
1338.8
1507.3
1495
1448.6
1375.6
1627
Unemployment Rate
6.3
11.8
13.6
16.4
16
14.9
13.6
17.6


(*) Data according to Polish Statistical Office from the third quarter of 2002, based on the website Statistical Office in Lublin. Some unofficial data suggest higher unemplyment level (19.8%).
The rest of the data (1991-1996) are taken from Youth Unemployment in Hungary and Poland according to Year Books of Statistics, data of National Labour Office.


Below is a list of characteristic features of Polish unemployment and a selected groups of people which are the most affected by unemployment:

  • Young people - one third of all unemployed are before 30 years of age.
  • Women - their chance to find a job is decreasing with age. The table above suggests that in certain years the amount of unemployed men was decreasing while women was increasing steadily, exceeding amount of unemployed men.
  • Structural unemployment - in some regions of Poland unemployment reaches 30% while in some big cities it does not exceed 5%. The unemplyment affects usually a group of uneducated people in the age 30-54.
  • Long-lasting unemployment - unfortunately Polish unemployment- which results from 40 years of ineffective socialistic planned economy - is not just a phase in capitalistic development - but it has long-lasting features.


In the following articles we will explain the main features of Polish unemployment in much more detail. Here is the next article of this series - Unemployment in Poland among Young People and Women.
Read the next article about Unemployment among older and less educated people and also about Specific Polish Features of Unemployment. Read also the article about Unemployment in Poland, History.


written by Jagoda Urban-Klaehn, November 30, 2003 (article #144)



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